An abscess is the accumulation of infection and pus as a result of a bacterial infection. It may occur inside the tooth, in the gums, or in the bone of the tooth. The dental abscess that forms at the tooth root is called the periapical abscess, and the abscess in the gum tissues is called the periodontal abscess.
What Is a Tooth Abscess?
Dental abscesses are usually caused by bacteria accumulating in the soft pulp of the tooth and causing a bacterial infection. The bacteria in the plaque adheres to the gums and teeth and damage them.
If the plaque is not removed with flossing and brushing regularly, the bacteria can enter the soft tissues of the teeth and gums, resulting in abscesses.
Abscesses are often painful. In any case, if you have an abscess, you have to visit our walk-in emergency dentist.
What Are Different Types of Tooth Abscesses?
Generally, there are three types of abscesses:
– Gingival abscess: This abscess is only related to the gums and does not affect the periodontal ligament (PDL) tissues at all (the dense fibrous tissue between the tooth and the alveolar bone of the jaw).
– Periodontal abscess: The abscess begins in the tissues of the gum
– Periapical abscess: The abscess occurs at the tooth roots or pulp. Usually, it is caused by an infection that is spread from the tooth to the surrounding tissues.
What Are the Symptoms of Abscess?
Some common symptoms of a dental or gingival abscess include:
– A severe throbbing pain that occurs in the gums or teeth and gets worse
– Pain that spreads to the ear, jaw, and neck
– Pain that gets worse at night and can interfere with your sleep
– Redness and swelling of the face
– Having a sensitive, stained, and loose tooth
– Red and swollen gums
– Tooth sensitivity to cold or hot foods and beverages
– Bad breath or a bad taste in the mouth
– Feeling unwell and boredom
– Hard to open the mouth
– Difficulty swallowing
When the infection spreads, you develop a high fever and are bored. In severe cases, you have difficulty swallowing or breathing. It is recommended to head to the emergency dental clinic if you notice the first sign of a tooth abscess.
What to Do If You Have an Abscess?
When a person notices some symptoms of one type of abscess, s/he should refer to the emergency dental office immediately because an experienced dentist can easily diagnose the type of abscess. Some abscesses may need a surgical drainage procedure. Besides, the emergency dentist may prescribe antibiotics or perform root canal treatment. In some cases, tooth extraction is the only treatment.
Take a dental abscess seriously. It is important to refer to the emergency dental clinic as soon as possible because the abscess will not go away on its own. If left untreated, it can spread to other parts of your body and cause severe complications. We are here at Walk-in Dental Clinic to help you and meet your dental emergency needs.